Notebook ResourcesStock & Paper

Paper Types

Types de Papier

Une liste exhaustive de tous les papiers disponibles serait interminable, et il est aussi dur de tous les classifier, tant il y a de produits spécifiques. Ci-dessous se trouve une courte liste de catégories et types dans lesquels rentrent les papiers les plus communément utilisés. Le papier que vous désirez existe très probablement déjà, aussi original que puisse être celui dont vous rêvez. Découvrez ici les différents types de papier disponibles.

Papier Bond

Le papier bond était à l’origine utilisé par les banques comme papiers pour les bons du gouvernements. C’est un papier durable de haute qualité, contenant parfois du coton. Utilisé souvent pour des lettres et l’écriture.

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Papier Sans Bois

L’appellation Papier sans bois est trompeuse, comme il ne s’agit pas complètement de papier sans bois. Toutefois il est considéré sans bois, comme il est issu d’une pulpe obtenue chimiquement plutôt que mécaniquement.L’absence de lignine dans sa structure explique pourquoi il est considéré sans bois, même si la pâte, bien qu’obtenue chimiquement, est bien issue de pulpe de bois. Le retrait des lignines, la partie inflammable du bois, signifie que le papier ne jaunira pas dans le temps de la même manière que le papier traditionnel.

Wove

Wove paper is a plain paper with a smooth finish. A wove paper is usually not identified as such, because it has no finish or texture to speak of. Most paper that is currently used in your printer is likely to be a wove paper, and though non-descript, is one of the most overlooked, in fact 99% of the world’s paper is wove, and is probably the paper you’ve never heard of.

wove
Image Source: Arctic Papers
Image Source: Arctic Papers

Munken

Le papier Munken est un papier fin non couché, produit par Artic Papier. Nommé d’après son lieu d’origine, Munkedal, ville de Suede où des Moines s’installèrent et donnèrent un nom à l’usine de papier et à la localité. La gamme Munken a été développée  pour satisfaire un grand nombre d’utilisations, à l’instar des papiers Munken Pure et Polar, qui sont destinés au design, où les Premium White et Cream qui sont les papiers sans bois exclusivement réservées à la reliure de livres. Les papiers Munken sont de grande qualité, écologiques et labellisés FSC et PEFC. Pour en savoir plus visitez www.ArcticPaper.com

Recycled Paper

Le papier recyclé peut avoir différentes origines, mais est principalement recyclé de déchets papier. Les labels APUR et NAPM definissent le pepier recyclé comme contenant entre 50 et 100% de fibres recyclées, provenant d’une des cinq sources suivantes :

  • Chutes de papier issus de la transformation
  • Chute Papier d’Imprimerie,
  • Déchets domestiques et professionnels
  • Retours librairies
  • Autre, déchets industriels

Toute combinaison de ces sources peut contribuer à 50, 75 ou 100% du papier recyclé. À mesure d’être recyclé, les fibres du papier se raccourcissent, et afin de produire un papier de haute qualité, il est difficile d’utiliser 100% de fibres recyclées.

Le papier recyclé peut être adapté pour avoir différents rendus, et n’est pas nécessairement brun contrairement aux idées reçues. Il peut avoir un grain subtil ou au contraire complètement lisse, et avoir différents grammages ou couleurs.

Recycled paper

Parchment Paper

Parchment paper is similar to Laid paper in that it is best suited for formal correspondence and crafts, such as wedding and birthday invitations. It usually comes in a dark cream or golden colour with a variation rather than a smooth overall colour, giving a similar look to a classic century old paper. In the US Parchment paper is referred to as the same as baking paper or greaseproof paper in the UK.

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Card

Card is essentially a heavy paper. Paper usually exists up to 170gsm over which it then becomes card. Card is often used for the obvious, greetings cards and packaging. In notebooks it can be used as indexing and as end papers, and also as cover material. Card can come in many colours and is available in most finishes.

Cotton Paper

Cotton paper is also known as rag paper, and is a paper used for its high durability and archival qualities, lasting for hundreds of years. Different grades of cotton paper are available, usually graded at increments of 25% up to 100%. US Dollars is printed on rag paper, mostly because of its ability to remain in tact if accidentally put in a washing machine.

dollar
artist-paper

Cartridge / Artists paper

Sketch or drawing paper is often a type of cartridge paper, a heavy weight and textured paper in order for artists to achieve depth in their work and to allow for repeated erasing without damaging the paper. The name Cartridge paper originates from its use as paper cartridges for firearms, but is now used as sketch or drawing paper of around 100-200gsm.  Watercolour paper is usually a much heavier, around 300gsm, made up either partially or entirely of cotton, to aid the absorption of the water to avoid distortion of the paints and to give texture.

Newsprint

Paper for newspapers is the cheapest paper that can withstand printing, made from ground wood pulp, with a short lifespan, appropriate for its purpose.

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Laid

Laid paper is paper that has visible vertical and horizontal lines that were impressed by wire cylinders onto the paper during the manufacturing process. Its texture gives an appearance of weight and age, and is akin to a hand crafted paper. This is best when used for formal letterheads or to give a luxurious, superior feel to your product.

Transparent

Transparent or tracing paper was developed for architects to use to create exact copies of drawings using the diazo process. It takes a special process of removing the material that obstructs the passing of light through the paper. Often elements are added to retain printing ability and opacity, but for tracing paper these need to be removed. Tracing paper can come in a variety of opacities, depending on your needs. It can be directly printed on and used in the same way as opaque paper.

Transparent paper
End-Papers

End Papers

End papers sit at the front and back of your notebook or book, and effectively encase the bookblock. This paper can be plain white or any other paper of your choice. The end papers are an opportunity to represent the identity of the notebook through design, illustration or the use of a more interesting paper stock. Usually using paper over 110gsm, they are stuck to the inside of the cover with adhesive and secure the bookblock to the case, providing strength and visual stimulus.

Special/Other

There are many special papers that can’t be categorised so easily, and that fulfill specialised requests. An example is stone paper, which is polymer based and so resist tearing and are waterproof. From glow in the dark to hand printed, if you can think of it, it’s likely to be out there.

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FSC

Most paper from the above examples is FSC certified. FSC stands for Forest Stewardship Council, a non-profit organisation established in 1993 for the protection and management of the world’s forests. The identification of an FSC product allows consumers of wood, paper and other forest products to know that it is sourced from well managed forests and/or recycled materials.

The FSC ‘tick-tree’ logo is the key to recognising a certified FSC product. For more information about FSC visit their website www.fsc-uk.org.

Image Source: FSC.org